Rationalize the difference in boiling point between the members of the following pairs of substances: HF(20oC) and HCl (-85oC) CHCl3 (61oC) and CHBr3 (150oC) Br2 (59oC) and ICl (97oC) Please provide detailed explanation.
These intermolecular forces allow molecules to pack together in the solid and liquid states. When a pot of water is placed on a burner, it will soon boil. A phase change is occuring; the liquid water is changing to gaseous water, or steam. On a molecular level, the intermolecular forces between the water molecules are decreasing. The heat is ... Intermolecular Forces. The solid and liquid phases of matter for a given compound or atom are the direction consequence of attractive forces between the molecules or atoms. If no attractive forces existed, then a collection of molecules or atoms would remain in the gas phase regardless of temperature or pressure. Chemical X has a boiling point of 75 oC Chemical Y has a boiling point of 126 oC 23. Explain this difference in boiling points in terms of intermolecular forces. 24. Explain this difference in boiling points in terms of heats of vaporization. A B C 19. Name the phase change from A to B 20.
As the strength of the intermolecular force increases, the melting point increases. Also, between HBr and PH 3, HBr has a larger dipole moment and so its dipole-dipole interactions are stronger. MP increases with stronger forces because it takes more energy to break apart strong forces. 8. (14 points) SHOW ALL WORK. According to MO theory ... This means that alkanes do not mix with water. =Melting and Boiling Point= Alkanes have low melting or boiling points because of the very weak intermolecular forces between alkane molecules. Methane, ethane, propane, and butane are gases at room temperature. As the carbon chain gets longer, there are more electrons in a molecule. The covalent bonds between atoms within the molecule are generally shown by solid line. . Question #5: (4 points) Explain the difference between your results in using water vs. rubbing alcohol on the penny based on your knowledge of polarity and cohesion. Look at the structure of each compound and use intermolecular forces to justify your answer.